Oxygen is an essential part of our lives. A person can live up to 3 weeks without food, up to 3 days without water and up to 3 minutes without oxygen. When its level in the body decreases, the whole organism begins to malfunction. The brain needs the most oxygen, but although it accounts for only about 2% of our body weight, it uses about 20 - 25% oxygen.
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is an effective method of delivering oxygen to all organs and tissues of the body. It involves breathing air with a very high oxygen content in a chamber where there is a higher than atmospheric pressure. The therapy is based on stimulation of natural mechanisms of healing and repair processes in the body. Saturation of cells with oxygen under conditions of elevated pressure improves blood circulation in the body and better oxygenation of all, including sick organs and tissues. These can be places after severe injuries, transplants, burns, infections of soft tissues or difficult to heal wounds.
The oxygen concentrator is a very technically advanced device. The device operates in such a way that it draws air from the environment, compresses it, and then by filtering it removes nitrogen and other gases. Thanks to this, oxygen concentration increases its content in the gas mixture to the level of about 95%. Then, after purification and humidification, oxygen is supplied to the chamber at such a high concentration. The most important part of the concentrator is the molecular sieve. They should be replaced after approximately 10,000 hours of work. The lifetime of the concentrator itself is approximately 30,000 hours *.
Mild hyperbaric oxygen therapy (mHBOT) is a therapy in which the person staying inside (usually the inflatable chamber) breathes a mixture with an increased oxygen content under conditions of elevated atmospheric pressure between 1.2 and 1.5 ATA. This is the pressure that prevails at a depth of two to five meters underwater. This therapy is completely safe and can be used in many places, including at home.
Traditional hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) often takes place in hard chambers and usually in the presence of a trained technician or doctor, using 100% oxygen and a pressure in excess of 2.0 ATA. Mild hyperbaric oxygen therapy (mHBOT) is usually carried out in soft (inflatable) chambers using a pressure between 1.2 and 1.5 ATA. Chambers for mHBOT purposes are designed for individual users or smaller clinics and commercial outlets. These chambers allow treatment with significantly reduced risk of fire and oxygen poisoning as compared to HBOT therapy.
No dangerous side effects have been observed with mild hyperbaric oxygen therapy, however, some people may experience light fatigue in the early stages of therapy. This is a natural symptom associated with the body's cleansing of toxins.
During the increase or decrease in the pressure in the chamber you can experience a small pressure in the ears, similar to when you take off or land in an aircraft.
Oxygen toxicity and side effects are rare and relate to hyperbaric oxygen therapy in high pressure clinical applications. Such therapies are carried out under the supervision of a doctor and a trained technician.
It is not recommended to use hyperbaric oxygen therapy in the presence of acute inflammation of the ears, viral infections and fever, untreated pneumothorax and lung disease with CO2 retention, epilepsy, optic neuritis, congenital spherocytosis, pregnancy, having a pacemaker and while using of certain drugs.
100% pure oxygen is used in medical grade hyperbaric chambers, which should only be operated by specially trained technicians working under the supervision of a physician. In the case of hyperbaric chambers for domestic or commercial use, a gas mixture with an increased oxygen content is provided.
When using an oxygen mask (or a face blower system), oxygen flows around the nose, with a concentration of about 95%. In the chamber itself, depending on the size of the chamber and the type of oxygen concentrator (5l or 10l), oxygen reaches a concentration of 31% to 35%.
In the hyperbaric chamber we can wear any clothing, but loose cotton clothes that provide breathability and freedom of movement are preferable.
We can take with us any items that help us relax and spend time in a pleasant way. These can be, for example, books, laptops, tablets and smartphones, board games, coloring books, etc.
You can also take with you some physical exercises such as a training rubber.
In the chambers (especially with a larger diameter, i.e. 90 cm), you can do some physical exercises. Movement and effort in the hyperbaric chamber enhances the effect of feeding cells, making the therapy even more effective.
In practice, the only cost of operating the chamber is the cost of electricity. A chamber with 1.5 ATA pressure and an oxygen output of 10 l / min takes 1.6 kW, ie the cost of 1 hour of chamber operation is equal to the price of 1.6 kWh of electricity.
The lifetime of the chamber itself depends on the way it is used. With proper maintenance, the chambers currently in operation have been working for about 10 years and are still operational and safe. They will still serve their users for many years.
There are no age limits for the use of hyperbaric oxygen therapy, which improves your ability to remember, think creatively and concentrate. Thanks to this, older people become, among others, more active and show greater interest in life.
Ovida Sp. z o.o. , Dojazdowa 54, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
phone: +48 32 428 16 88, mob +48 720 836 777